Antworten aus Religion, Natur- und Geisteswissenschaften
Author: Helmut A. Müller
Pubpsher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
English summary: Scholars in the natural sciences, theology and the arts discuss fundamental questions about the evolution of life and culture and the creation on an endeavour to explain life and faith. German text. German description: Sobald sich der Mensch seiner selbst bewusst wird, will er wissen, wer er ist, wo er herkommt und was nach ihm sein wird. Antworten findet er in den Natur- und Geisteswissenschaften und in der Religion. Sein Fragehorizont hat sich weit uber die in den Schopfungsmythen erkennbaren ersten Ansatze ordnender und zahlender Welterklarung hinaus entwickelt. Erforscht werden heute die Rander des erkennbaren Universums ebenso wie die Ubergangsfelder von der unbelebten zur belebten Materie und die Bedingungen der Evolution des Erkennens. Wie die Rede von einer sich entwickelnden Schopfung so mag auch die Rede von der Evolution der Physik uberraschen. Sie vollzieht sich im Horizont einer Welt, deren Entwicklungspotentiale ihrem Anfang eingeschrieben sind. Ob sich Evolution unter dem Druck des schon Erreichten oder als Annaherung an ein absolutes Ziel vollzieht, bleibt im interdisziplinaren Diskurs kontrovers. Verhandelt werden weiter die Grundlinien einer evolutionaren Asthetik, evolutionare Entwicklungen in der Musik, die kulturelle Evolution der Natur und schliealich die Frage, ob sich die friedvolle Koexistenz von christlichem Schopfungsglauben und naturwissenschaftlicher Welterklarung konfliktreich zuspitzt, wenn das Urknallmodell von der Theorie eines ewigen Multiversums abgelost wird.
An eminent geneticist examines the Darwinian theory of evolution, analyzes the hereditary differences that produce new species, and suggests changes in evolutionary theory based on his biological research
Release on 2017-06-22 | by Brian Charlesworth,Deborah Charlesworth
Author: Brian Charlesworth,Deborah Charlesworth
Pubpsher: Oxford University Press
Less than 450 years ago, all European scholars believed that the Earth was at the centre of a Universe that was at most a few million miles in extent, and that the planets, sun, and stars all rotated around this centre. Less than 250 years ago, they believed that the Universe was createdessentially in its present state about 6000 years ago. Even less than 150 years ago, the view that living species were the result of special creation by God was still dominant. The recognition by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace of the mechanism of evolution by natural selection hascompletely transformed our understanding of the living world, including our own origins. In this Very Short Introduction Brian and Deborah Charlesworth provide a clear and concise summary of the process of evolution by natural selection, and how natural selection gives rise to adaptations and eventually, over many generations, to new species. They introduce the central concepts of thefield of evolutionary biology, as they have developed since Darwin and Wallace on the subject, over 140 years ago, and discuss some of the remaining questions regarding processes. They highlight the wide range of evidence for evolution, and the importance of an evolutionary understanding forinstance in combating the rapid evolution of resistance by bacteria to antibiotics and of HIV to antiviral drugs. This reissue includes some key updates to the main text and a completely updated Further Reading section.ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
“I often said before starting, that I had no doubt I should frequently repent of the whole undertaking.” So wrote Charles Darwin aboard The Beagle, bound for the Galapagos Islands and what would arguably become the greatest and most controversial discovery in scientific history. But the theory of evolution did not spring full-blown from the head of Darwin. Since the dawn of humanity, priests, philosophers, and scientists have debated the origin and development of life on earth, and with modern science, that debate shifted into high gear. In this lively, deeply erudite work, Pulitzer Prize–winning science historian Edward J. Larson takes us on a guided tour of Darwin’s “dangerous idea,” from its theoretical antecedents in the early nineteenth century to the brilliant breakthroughs of Darwin and Wallace, to Watson and Crick’s stunning discovery of the DNA double helix, and to the triumphant neo-Darwinian synthesis and rising sociobiology today. Along the way, Larson expertly places the scientific upheaval of evolution in cultural perspective: the social and philosophical earthquake that was the French Revolution; the development, in England, of a laissez-faire capitalism in tune with a Darwinian ethos of “survival of the fittest”; the emergence of Social Darwinism and the dark science of eugenics against a backdrop of industrial revolution; the American Christian backlash against evolutionism that culminated in the famous Scopes trial; and on to today’s world, where religious fundamentalists litigate for the right to teach “creation science” alongside evolution in U.S. public schools, even as the theory itself continues to evolve in new and surprising directions. Throughout, Larson trains his spotlight on the lives and careers of the scientists, explorers, and eccentrics whose collaborations and competitions have driven the theory of evolution forward. Here are portraits of Cuvier, Lamarck, Darwin, Wallace, Haeckel, Galton, Huxley, Mendel, Morgan, Fisher, Dobzhansky, Watson and Crick, W. D. Hamilton, E. O. Wilson, and many others. Celebrated as one of mankind’s crowning scientific achievements and reviled as a threat to our deepest values, the theory of evolution has utterly transformed our view of life, religion, origins, and the theory itself, and remains controversial, especially in the United States (where 90% of adults do not subscribe to the full Darwinian vision). Replete with fresh material and new insights, Evolution will educate and inform while taking readers on a fascinating journey of discovery.
Human values change over time. Unfortunately, this change is not always in the best interests of humankind. Moral decay, for instance, is currently taking a huge toll on the well-being and happiness of the individual. Why do human values evolve? Why does this evolution almost always go in a negative direction? Is there anything that humans can do to control this downward spiral? "Steering Evolution" proposes a theory that answers these questions. There are certain parallels between the evolution of genetic information and the evolution of manmade information, but these two forms of evolution are diametrically opposed in the way that they create and affect human values. Fortunately, there is a way for us to free ourselves from the tyranny of evolution, and put the destiny of humankind into the hands of humankind.
In the context of the evolution towards 3rd Generation (3G) mobile radio networks, packet switched data services like the General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) and the Enhanced GPRS (EGPRS) are currently being introduced into GSM and TDMA/136 systems world-wide. For network operators, equipment vendors and system integrators dimensioning rules have to be developed to plan and estimate the needed radio capacity that is needed for the predicted amount of user data. The GSM Evolution comprehensively provides the basics of GPRS and EGPRS comprising the radio interface and the system and protocol architecture will be described in detail. Besides the introduction of WCDMA and UMTS as 3rd Generation Mobile Radio Networks, the further developed GSM networks, including GPRS and EDGE capabilities will be able to provide 3G services as well. Such enhanced GSM networks will be introduced in the next few years world-wide and will stay operational beyond 2010. * Presents the basics of GPRS and EGPRS - the radio interface and system and protocol architecture * Provides an in-depth description of GPRS, EDGE and GERAN networks * Describes the evolution of GSM/GPRS networks towards GSM/EDGE Radio Access Networks (GERAN) and the GERAN standard * Highlights the modulation and coding techniques for EDGE and network architecture for GERAN * Discusses the traffic performance of GSM/GPRS and GERAN and the suitability of the performance results for radio network dimensioning Ideal for all practitioners in the area of mobile radio and networking, network operators, planners, system integrators, vendors and application developers, researchers in the area of mobile radio and networking and also electrical engineering and computer science students, content providers, technical managers, regulators and sales personnel.
Morphology, Medicine, and Reform in Radical London
Author: Adrian Desmond
Pubpsher: University of Chicago Press
Looking for the first time at the cut-price anatomy schools rather than genteel Oxbridge, Desmond winkles out pre-Darwinian evolutionary ideas in reform-minded and politically charged early nineteenth-century London. In the process, he reveals the underside of London intellectual and social life in the generation before Darwin as it has never been seen before. "The Politics of Evolution is intellectual dynamite, and certainly one of the most important books in the history of science published during the past decade."—Jim Secord, Times Literary Supplement "One of those rare books that not only stakes out new territory but demands a radical overhaul of conventional wisdom."—John Hedley Brooke, Times Higher Education Supplement